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tex-make.c

/* tex-make.c: Run external programs to make TeX-related files.

Copyright (C) 1993, 94, 95, 96, 97 Karl Berry.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
Library General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public
License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

#include <kpathsea/config.h>

#include <kpathsea/c-fopen.h>
#include <kpathsea/c-pathch.h>
#include <kpathsea/concatn.h>
#include <kpathsea/db.h>
#include <kpathsea/fn.h>
#include <kpathsea/magstep.h>
#include <kpathsea/readable.h>
#include <kpathsea/tex-make.h>
#include <kpathsea/variable.h>


/* We never throw away stdout, since that is supposed to be the filename
   found, if all is successful.  This variable controls whether stderr
   is thrown away.  */
boolean kpse_make_tex_discard_errors = false;

/* We set the envvar MAKETEX_MAG, which is part of the default spec for
   MakeTeXPK above, based on KPATHSEA_DPI and MAKETEX_BASE_DPI.  */

static void
set_maketex_mag P1H(void)
{
  char q[MAX_INT_LENGTH * 3 + 3];
  int m;
  string dpi_str = getenv ("KPATHSEA_DPI");
  string bdpi_str = getenv ("MAKETEX_BASE_DPI");
  unsigned dpi = dpi_str ? atoi (dpi_str) : 0;
  unsigned bdpi = bdpi_str ? atoi (bdpi_str) : 0;

  /* If the environment variables aren't set, it's a bug.  */
  assert (dpi != 0 && bdpi != 0);
  
  /* Fix up for roundoff error.  Hopefully the driver has already fixed
     up DPI, but may as well be safe, and also get the magstep number.  */
  (void) kpse_magstep_fix (dpi, bdpi, &m);
  
  if (m == 0)
    sprintf (q, "%d+%d/%d", dpi / bdpi, dpi % bdpi, bdpi);
  else
    { /* m is encoded with LSB being a ``half'' bit (see magstep.h).  Are
         we making an assumption here about two's complement?  Probably.
         In any case, if m is negative, we have to put in the sign
         explicitly, since m/2==0 if m==-1.  */
      const_string sign = "";
      if (m < 0)
        {
          m *= -1;
          sign = "-";
        }
      sprintf (q, "magstep\\(%s%d.%d\\)", sign, m / 2, (m & 1) * 5);
    }  
  xputenv ("MAKETEX_MAG", q);
}

/* This mktex... program was disabled, or the script failed.  If this
   was a font creation (according to FORMAT), append CMD
   to a file missfont.log in the current directory.  */

static void
misstex P2C(kpse_file_format_type, format,  string *, args)
{
  static FILE *missfont = NULL;
  string *s;
  
  /* If we weren't trying to make a font, do nothing.  Maybe should
     allow people to specify what they want recorded?  */
  if (format != kpse_gf_format
      && format != kpse_pk_format
      && format != kpse_any_glyph_format
      && format != kpse_tfm_format
      && format != kpse_vf_format)
    return;

  /* If this is the first time, have to open the log file.  But don't
     bother logging anything if they were discarding errors.  */
  if (!missfont && !kpse_make_tex_discard_errors) {
    const_string missfont_name = kpse_var_value ("MISSFONT_LOG");
    if (!missfont_name || *missfont_name == '1') {
      missfont_name = "missfont.log"; /* take default name */
    } else if (missfont_name
               && (*missfont_name == 0 || *missfont_name == '0')) {
      missfont_name = NULL; /* user requested no missfont.log */
    } /* else use user's name */

    missfont = missfont_name ? fopen (missfont_name, FOPEN_A_MODE) : NULL;
    if (!missfont && kpse_var_value ("TEXMFOUTPUT")) {
      missfont_name = concat3 (kpse_var_value ("TEXMFOUTPUT"), DIR_SEP_STRING,
                               missfont_name);
      missfont = fopen (missfont_name, FOPEN_A_MODE);
    }

    if (missfont)
      fprintf (stderr, "kpathsea: Appending font creation commands to %s.\n",
               missfont_name);
  }
  
  /* Write the command if we have a log file.  */
  if (missfont) {
    fputs (args[0], missfont);
    for (s = &args[1]; *s != NULL; s++) {
      putc(' ', missfont);
      fputs (*s, missfont);
    }
    putc ('\n', missfont);
  }
}  


/* Assume the script outputs the filename it creates (and nothing
   else) on standard output; hence, we run the script with `popen'.  */

static string
maketex P2C(kpse_file_format_type, format, string*, args)
{
  /* New implementation, use fork/exec pair instead of popen, since
   * the latter is virtually impossible to make safe.
   */
  unsigned len;
  string *s;
  string ret;
  string fn;
  
  if (!kpse_make_tex_discard_errors) {
    fprintf (stderr, "kpathsea: Running");
    for (s = &args[0]; *s != NULL; s++)
      fprintf (stderr, " %s", *s);
    fputc('\n', stderr);
  }

#if defined (AMIGA)
  /* Amiga has a different interface. */
  {
    string cmd;
    string newcmd;
    cmd = xstrdup(args[0]);
    for (s = &args[1];  *s != NULL; s++) {
      newcmd = concat(cmd, *s);
      free (cmd);
      cmd = newcmd;
    }
    ret = system(cmd) == 0 ? getenv ("LAST_FONT_CREATED"): NULL;
    free (cmd);
  }
#elif defined (MSDOS)
#error Implement new MSDOS mktex call interface here
#elif defined (WIN32)
  /* We would vastly prefer to link directly with mktex.c here.
     Unfortunately, it is not quite possible because kpathsea
     is not reentrant. The progname is expected to be set in mktex.c
     and various initialisations occur. So to be safe, we implement
     a call sequence equivalent to the Unix one. */
  {
    STARTUPINFO si;
    PROCESS_INFORMATION pi;

    HANDLE child_in, child_out, child_err;
    HANDLE father_in, father_out_dup;
    HANDLE current_pid;
    SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES sa = { sizeof(SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES), NULL, TRUE};
    string new_cmd = NULL, app_name = NULL;

    char buf[1024+1];
    int num;
    extern char *quote_args(char **argv);

    if (look_for_cmd(args[0], &app_name) == FALSE) {
      ret = NULL;
      goto error_exit;
    }

    /* Compute the command line */
    new_cmd = quote_args(args);

    /* We need this handle to duplicate other handles */
    current_pid = GetCurrentProcess();

    ZeroMemory( &si, sizeof(STARTUPINFO) );
    si.cb = sizeof(STARTUPINFO);
    si.dwFlags = STARTF_USESTDHANDLES | STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW ;
    si.wShowWindow = /* 0 */ SW_HIDE ;

    /* Child stdin */
    child_in = CreateFile("nul",
                          GENERIC_READ,
                          FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE,
                          &sa,  /* non inheritable */
                          OPEN_EXISTING,
                          FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,
                          NULL);
    si.hStdInput = child_in;

    if (CreatePipe(&father_in, &child_out, NULL, 0) == FALSE) {
      fprintf(stderr, "popen: error CreatePipe\n");
      goto error_exit;
    }
    if (DuplicateHandle(current_pid, child_out,
                        current_pid, &father_out_dup,
                        0, TRUE, DUPLICATE_SAME_ACCESS) == FALSE) {
      fprintf(stderr, "popen: error DuplicateHandle father_in\n");
      CloseHandle(father_in);
      CloseHandle(child_out);
      goto error_exit;
    }
    CloseHandle(child_out);
    si.hStdOutput = father_out_dup;

    /* Child stderr */
    if (kpse_make_tex_discard_errors) {
      child_err = CreateFile("nul",
                             GENERIC_WRITE,
                             FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE,
                             &sa,       /* non inheritable */
                             OPEN_EXISTING,
                             FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,
                             NULL);
    }
    else {
      DuplicateHandle(current_pid, GetStdHandle(STD_ERROR_HANDLE),
                      current_pid, &child_err,
                      0, TRUE,
                      DUPLICATE_SAME_ACCESS);
    }
    si.hStdError = child_err;

    /* creating child process */
    if (CreateProcess(app_name, /* pointer to name of executable module */
                      new_cmd,  /* pointer to command line string */
                      NULL,     /* pointer to process security attributes */
                      NULL,     /* pointer to thread security attributes */
                      TRUE,     /* handle inheritance flag */
                      0,                /* creation flags */
                      NULL,     /* pointer to environment */
                      NULL,     /* pointer to current directory */
                      &si,      /* pointer to STARTUPINFO */
                      &pi               /* pointer to PROCESS_INFORMATION */
                      ) == 0) {
      FATAL2("kpathsea: CreateProcess() failed for `%s' (Error %x)\n", new_cmd, GetLastError());
    }

    CloseHandle(child_in);
    CloseHandle(father_out_dup);
    CloseHandle(child_err);

    /* Only the process handle is needed */
    CloseHandle(pi.hThread);

    /* Get stdout of child from the pipe. */
    fn = xstrdup("");
    while (ReadFile(father_in,buf,sizeof(buf)-1, &num, NULL) != 0
           && num > 0) {
      if (num <= 0) {
        if (GetLastError() != ERROR_BROKEN_PIPE) {
          FATAL1("kpathsea: read() error code for `%s' (Error %d)", GetLastError());
          break;
        }
      } else {
        string newfn;
        buf[num] = '\0';
        newfn = concat(fn, buf);
        free(fn);
        fn = newfn;
      }
    }
    /* End of file on pipe, child should have exited at this point. */
    CloseHandle(father_in);

    if (WaitForSingleObject(pi.hProcess, INFINITE) != WAIT_OBJECT_0) {
      WARNING2("kpathsea: failed to wait for process termination: %s (Error %d)\n",
               new_cmd, GetLastError());
    }

    CloseHandle(pi.hProcess);

    if (new_cmd) free(new_cmd);
    if (app_name) free(app_name);

    if (fn) {
      len = strlen(fn);

      /* Remove trailing newlines and returns.  */
      while (len && (fn[len - 1] == '\n' || fn[len - 1] == '\r')) {
        fn[len - 1] = '\0';
        len--;
      }

      ret = len == 0 ? NULL : kpse_readable_file (fn);
      if (!ret && len > 1) {
        WARNING1 ("kpathsea: mktexpk output `%s' instead of a filename", fn);
      }

      /* Free the name if we're not returning it.  */
      if (fn != ret)
        free (fn);
    }
  error_exit:
    ;
  }
#else
  {
    /* Standard input for the child.  Set to /dev/null */
    int childin;
    /* Standard output for the child, what we're interested in. */
    int childout[2];
    /* Standard error for the child, same as parent or /dev/null */
    int childerr;
    /* Child pid. */
    pid_t childpid;

    /* Open the channels that the child will use. */
    /* A fairly horrible uses of gotos for here for the error case. */
    if ((childin = open("/dev/null", O_RDONLY)) < 0) {
      perror("kpathsea: open(\"/dev/null\", O_RDONLY)");
      goto error_childin;
    }
    if (pipe(childout) < 0) {
      perror("kpathsea: pipe()");
      goto error_childout;
    }
    if ((childerr = open("/dev/null", O_WRONLY)) < 0) {
      perror("kpathsea: open(\"/dev/null\", O_WRONLY)");
      goto error_childerr;
    }
    if ((childpid = fork()) < 0) {
      perror("kpathsea: fork()");
      close(childerr);
     error_childerr:
      close(childout[0]);
      close(childout[1]);
     error_childout:
      close(childin);
     error_childin:
      fn = NULL;
    } else if (childpid == 0) {
      /* Child
       *
       * We can use vfork, provided we're careful about what we
       * do here: do not return from this function, do not modify
       * variables, call _exit if there is a problem.
       *
       * Complete setting up the file descriptors.
       * We use dup(2) so the order in which we do this matters.
       */
      close(childout[0]);
      /* stdin -- the child will not receive input from this */
      if (childin != 0) {
        close(0);
        dup(childin);
        close(childin);
      }
      /* stdout -- the output of the child's action */
      if (childout[1] != 1) {
        close(1);
        dup(childout[1]);
        close(childout[1]);
      }
      /* stderr -- use /dev/null if we discard errors */
      if (childerr != 2) {
        if (kpse_make_tex_discard_errors) {
          close(2);
          dup(childerr);
        }
        close(childerr);
      }
      /* FIXME: We could/should close all other file descriptors as well. */
      /* exec -- on failure a call of _exit(2) it is the only option */
      if (execvp(args[0], args))
        perror(args[0]);
      _exit(1);
    } else {
      /* Parent */
      char buf[1024+1];
      int num;
      int status;

      /* Clean up child file descriptors that we won't use anyway. */
      close(childin);
      close(childout[1]);
      close(childerr);
      /* Get stdout of child from the pipe. */
      fn = xstrdup("");
      while ((num = read(childout[0],buf,sizeof(buf)-1)) != 0) {
        if (num == -1) {
          if (errno != EINTR) {
            perror("kpathsea: read()");
            break;
          }
        } else {
          string newfn;
          buf[num] = '\0';
          newfn = concat(fn, buf);
          free(fn);
          fn = newfn;
        }
      }
      /* End of file on pipe, child should have exited at this point. */
      close(childout[0]);
      /* We don't really care about the exit status at this point. */
      wait(NULL);
    }

    if (fn) {
      len = strlen(fn);

      /* Remove trailing newlines and returns.  */
      while (len && (fn[len - 1] == '\n' || fn[len - 1] == '\r')) {
        fn[len - 1] = '\0';
        len--;
      }

      ret = len == 0 ? NULL : kpse_readable_file (fn);
      if (!ret && len > 1) {
        WARNING1 ("kpathsea: mktexpk output `%s' instead of a filename", fn);
      }

      /* Free the name if we're not returning it.  */
      if (fn != ret)
        free (fn);
    } else {
      ret = NULL;
    }
  }
#endif

  if (ret == NULL)
    misstex (format, args);
  else
    kpse_db_insert (ret);
  
  return ret;
}


/* Create BASE in FORMAT and return the generated filename, or
   return NULL.  */

string
kpse_make_tex P2C(kpse_file_format_type, format,  const_string, base)
{
  kpse_format_info_type spec; /* some compilers lack struct initialization */
  string ret = NULL;
  
  spec = kpse_format_info[format];
  if (!spec.type) { /* Not initialized yet? */
    kpse_init_format (format);
    spec = kpse_format_info[format];
  }

  if (spec.program && spec.program_enabled_p) {
    /* See the documentation for the envvars we're dealing with here.  */
    /* Number of arguments is spec.argc + 1, plus the trailing NULL. */
    string *args = XTALLOC (spec.argc + 2, string);
    /* Helpers */
    int argnum;
    int i;
    
    /* FIXME
     * Check whether the name we were given is likely to be a problem.
     * Right now we err on the side of strictness:
     * - may not start with a hyphen (fixable in the scripts).
     * - allowed are: alphanumeric, underscore, hyphen, period
     * ? also allowed DIRSEP, as we can be fed that when creating pk fonts
     * No doubt some possibilities were overlooked.
     */
    if (base[0] == '-' /* || IS_DIR_SEP(base[0])  */) {
      fprintf(stderr, "kpathsea: Illegal fontname `%s': starts with '%c'\n",
              base, base[0]);
      return NULL;
    }
    for (i = 0; base[i]; i++) {
      if (!ISALNUM(base[i])
          && base[i] != '+'
          && base[i] != '-'
          && base[i] != '_'
          && base[i] != '.'
          && !IS_DIR_SEP(base[i]))
      {
        fprintf(stderr, "kpathsea: Illegal fontname `%s': contains '%c'\n",
                base, base[i]);
        return NULL;
      }
    }

    if (format == kpse_gf_format
        || format == kpse_pk_format
        || format == kpse_any_glyph_format)
      set_maketex_mag ();

    /* Here's an awful kludge: if the mode is `/', mktexpk recognizes
       it as a special case.  `kpse_prog_init' sets it to this in the
       first place when no mode is otherwise specified; this is so
       when the user defines a resolution, they don't also have to
       specify a mode; instead, mktexpk's guesses will take over.
       They use / for the value because then when it is expanded as
       part of the PKFONTS et al. path values, we'll wind up searching
       all the pk directories.  We put $MAKETEX_MODE in the path
       values in the first place so that sites with two different
       devices with the same resolution can find the right fonts; but
       such sites are uncommon, so they shouldn't make things harder
       for everyone else.  */
    for (argnum = 0; argnum < spec.argc; argnum++) {
      args[argnum] = kpse_var_expand (spec.argv[argnum]);
    }
    args[argnum++] = xstrdup(base);
    args[argnum] = NULL;

    ret = maketex (format, args);

    for (argnum = 0; args[argnum] != NULL; argnum++)
      free (args[argnum]);
    free (args);
  }

  return ret;
}

#ifdef TEST

void
test_make_tex (kpse_file_format_type fmt, const_string base)
{
  string answer;
  
  printf ("\nAttempting %s in format %d:\n", base, fmt);

  answer = kpse_make_tex (fmt, base);
  puts (answer ? answer : "(nil)");
}


int
main ()
{
  xputenv ("KPATHSEA_DPI", "781"); /* call mktexpk */
  xputenv ("MAKETEX_BASE_DPI", "300"); /* call mktexpk */
  KPSE_MAKE_SPEC_ENABLED (kpse_make_specs[kpse_pk_format]) = true;
  test_make_tex (kpse_pk_format, "cmr10");

  /* Fail with mktextfm.  */
  KPSE_MAKE_SPEC_ENABLED (kpse_make_specs[kpse_tfm_format]) = true;
  test_make_tex (kpse_tfm_format, "foozler99");
  
  /* Call something disabled.  */
  test_make_tex (kpse_bst_format, "no-way");
  
  return 0;
}

#endif /* TEST */


/*
Local variables:
test-compile-command: "gcc -g -I. -I.. -DTEST tex-make.c kpathsea.a"
End:
*/

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